Psychology and Its Types: Explained in Details

November 19, 2023

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Written By - Ravi Shankar (GoodMindKeeping)

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Psychology is the study of mind and behavior with many branches and career opportunities. 

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Psychology encompasses the biological influences, social pressures and environmental factors that affect how people think, act and feel.

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Psychology can help people to achieve insights into their own actions as well as a better understanding of other people.

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Psychology is a broad and diverse field that encompasses the study of human thought, behavior, development, personality, emotion, motivation and more.

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1. Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal psychology is the study of abnormal behavior and psychopathology. 

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2. Biological Psychology 

Biological psychology studies how biological processes influence the mind and behavior.

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3. Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology is focused on the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental disorders.

4. Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive psychology is the study of human thought processes including attention, memory, perception, decision-making, problem-solving and language acquisition.

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5. Comparative Psychology

Comparative psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the study of animal behavior.

6. Developmental Psychology

This is an area that looks at human growth and development over the lifespan including cognitive abilities, morality, social functioning, identity and other life areas.

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7. Forensic Psychology 

This is an applied field focused on using psychological research and principles in the legal and criminal justice system.

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8. Industrial-Organizational Psychology

This is a field that uses psychological research to enhance work performance and select employees.

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9. Personality Psychology

This focuses on understanding how personality develops as well as the patterns of thoughts, behaviors and characteristics that make each people unique.

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10. Social Psychology

This focuses on group behavior, social influences on people behavior, attitudes, prejudice, conformity, aggression and related topics.